Construct an end to finish JSON logging system for customers applications|by Pinterest Design|Pinterest Design Blog Site|Jan, 2023 

Liang Ma|Software Application Designer, Core Eng; Wei Zhu|Software Application Designer, Observability

Flow map: Pinterest app to JSON logs batch to Logservice — a batch logging endpoint (/log) that handles perf logs, device info(Android) and new JSON log type to json messages to Singer to Pub/Sub with arrows to Logstash, Merced and Other analytics tools. Logstash goes to Open Search. Open Search goes to OpenSearch Dashboards and Metric generator to Statsboard. Merced goes to S3/Hive.

In very early 2020, throughout an essential iphone out of memory case (we have a blogpost for that), we recognized that we really did not have much presence of just how the application is running or an excellent system to seek out for tracking as well as troubleshooting.

During that time, on the customer side, there were a couple of means for visiting their day-to-day job:

  • Context logging: constructed for logging as well as reporting impacts or anything pertaining to company, therefore a time superior as well as important endpoint. Developers require to clearly specify secrets that would certainly or else be denied by the endpoint. Some firms call it “analytics logging.”
  • Misc: logging to a neighborhood documents on disk, and even logging to an accident monitoring solution as a mistake kind.

The issues are:

  • Not all logs fall under those classifications, as well as individuals usually abuse particular sorts of logging
  • None of these devices offer a great way to imagine or accumulation. Designers require to make code adjustments to inhabit details like “what the statistics appearances like on application variation A, on gadget B, as well as under network kind C”

There isn’t a system that can conveniently check logs in a real-time means, not to state established up real-time signals with log-based custom-made metrics.

  • We chose to produce an end-to-end pipe with the complying with features: It’s constructed with the least resistance: log haul is versatile as well as schemaless, essentially key-value sets. That is among the factors we call it JSON logging
  • It prepares to make use of logging APIs on each system
  • Designers do not require to touch any kind of backend things
  • It’s very easy to inquire as well as imagine logs

Carries out in real-time!

  • With these in mind, the complying with essential layout choices were made:
  • The logging solution endpoint will certainly take care of logs confirming, parsing, as well as handling.
  • Logs will certainly be continued hive, therefore sustaining any kind of SQL-based questions.
  • A common as well as solitary Kafka subject will certainly be utilized for all logs experiencing this pipe.
  • It’s incorporated with OpenSearch (’s fork of Elasticsearch as well as Kibana) as an actual time visualization as well as inquiry device.

It will certainly be very easy to establish real-time signaling with log-based custom-made metrics.

Flow map: Pinterest app to JSON logs batch to Logservice — a batch logging endpoint (/log) that handles perf logs, device info(Android) and new JSON log type to json messages to Singer to Pub/Sub with arrows to Logstash, Merced and Other analytics tools. Logstash goes to Open Search. Open Search goes to OpenSearch Dashboards and Metric generator to Statsboard. Merced goes to S3/Hive.
High degree

Number 1– style of the logging pipe


Customer side solution combination will certainly offer the metadata, as well as designers simply require to offer the name of the log as well as real log haul. Absolutely nothing else is called for.

{ “name” = “network_metrics”; //required, set by users “timestamp” = 2022121512345; //required, set by pipeline “metadata” = { //required, set by pipeline “app_version” = “8.40”; “os_version” = “14.0”; “device_model” = “IPHONE11,2; “build_type” = “Production” // “OTA”, “Development”, “Alpha”, etc “network_type” = “wifi” // or “cellular” “country” = “United States”; “platform” = “Android”; … }; “payload” = { // users reported payload will appear here }; };

An example haul

Inquire as well as imagine

Example on how to visualize network metrics in real-time with six separate graphics: mobile_json)log::platforms, mobile_networking::host, mobile_json_log::total_count_timeline, mobile_networking::req_num_by_ver, mobile_networking::request_latency, and mobile_networking::status.
Visualization of visit Opensearch is fairly basic complying with the self-service support offered this pipe. Designers can make use of SQL inquiry as well as any kind of various other query/visualization devices that are sustained by this pipe to inquiry.

Number 2– an example control panel of network logs from both iphone as well as Android applications

Real-time signaling

Example on how to create a log-based metric. “Succeeded. Metric Name: es.mobile_json.story_pin_by_event_type. Query Name: name: story_pin_creation_event AND metadata.build_type:Production. Index Name: mobile_json_log. Begin: -30mins. End: -5min. Term Aggs (optional) Field: payload.eventType.key. Tag Key: event_type. Size: 10. Order: desc. Field: metadata.platform.key. Tag Key: platform. Size: 10. Order: desc.”
Log-based metrics are an affordable means to sum up log information from the whole consume stream. With log-based metrics, individuals can create a matter metric of logs that match a Lucene inquiry. For advanced usage situations, individuals can create metrics from an OpenSearch term gathering inquiry to explore log information throughout various measurements.

Number 3– instance: just how to produce a log-based statistics

Title of Tab: ES Mobile JSON Story Pin Event. sum_aggregator: zimsum:1m-avg-none. Two Stratsboards with red lines and dots titled “iOS story pin event SR” and “Android story pin event SR”.
Log-based metrics can be utilized to develop control panels as well as real-time signals:

Number 4– instance: a real-time signaling established based upon the log-based statistics, on Statsboard

Given that this pipe was developed with no actual press, designers have actually been proactively embracing this logging system primarily for:

  • Customer presence
  • Networking metrics as well as accident metrics so they recognize much better just how the customers obtain as well as execute that customer side signals to the topline Pinner Uptime statistics
  • Efficiency understanding, such as details offered by iphone MetricKit

Customized mistake coverage, such as exemptions, soft mistakes, as well as assertions that were formerly either not reported or reported someplace as well as really did not have an excellent device to examine

  • Item surface/feature run-down neighborhood

Some item groups utilize this system to report item function wellness, such as Pin production results, so they can check success/failure prices in real-time. This usually captures concerns way earlier than the common day-to-day statistics gathering, as well as it’s specifically valuable for concerns that API side tracking would not inform immediately.

  • Programmer logs
  • Designers like to utilize this pipe to acquire presence of particular reasoning or code courses on manufacturing, e.g. “has this code ever before run?,”, “just how usually does this take place?”, as well as numerous comparable concerns that no person can address other than the information.

Developers include logs to aid fix strange insects that are extremely difficult to recreate in your area or concerns that just happen on particular gadget versions, OS variations, and so on

  • Live signaling
  • As a result of the convenience of coverage as well as signaling arrangement, item groups usually make use of that simply for the benefit of real-time signaling.
  • On the Opensearch side, produce sub-level indexes by name, which can enhance inquiry efficiency as well as additionally much better isolate logs

Check out the signaling feature offered by Opensearch Recognitions

: massive many thanks to Stephen Blanco, Darren Gyles, Sha Sha Chu, Nadine Harik, Roger Wang, as well as our information & & infra group for their responses, assistance as well as payment. To read more regarding design at Pinterest, take a look at the remainder of our Design Blog Site as well as see our Pinterest Labs website. To discover life at Pinterest, see our Professions

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